Gardiner SK, Fortune B, Demirel S
期刊名称：American Journal of Ophthalmology
局部 青光眼 视网膜
Purpose：To determine how well rates of localized retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) change correlate with rates of sensitivity change at corresponding locations in the visual field in glaucoma.
Design：Retrospective cohort study.
Methods：Three hundred and sixty-four eyes of 191 participants with suspected or confirmed glaucoma, as judged by experienced clinicians, were tested every 6months with perimetry and optical coherence tomography (OCT). For each 24-2 visual field location, the corresponding sectoral peripapillary RNFLT was defined using a 30-degree sector, centered on the angle of nerve fiber entry into the optic nerve head. Rates of change of pointwise sensitivity and sectoral RNFLT were calculated over the last 8 visits at which reliable data were obtained. Passing-Bablok regression was used to predict the rate of pointwise sensitivity change from the rate of sectoral RNFLT change, for eachlocation.
Results：Rates of sectoral RNFLT change were significantly predictive of rates of pointwise sensitivity change at all locations in the field. Correlations were modest, averaging 0.15, ranging from 0.03 to 0.25 depending on the location. A 1μm/y more rapid thinning in corresponding sectors was associated with 0.3 dB/y more rapid loss in the superior visual field but less than 0.1 dB/y more rapid loss at many locations in the inferior visual field.
Conclusions：Localized RNFL thinning is associated with sensitivity loss at corresponding locations in the visual field, and their rates of change are significantly correlated. Peripapillary RNFLT may be used to monitor localized changes caused by glaucoma that have measurable consequences for a patient's vision.