SCI TOP 10

当前位置:首页>SCI TOP 10

多焦点人工晶体:一项概述

Alio JL, Plaza-Puche AB, Férnandez-Buenaga R, Pikkel J, Maldonado M

期刊名称:Survey of Ophthalmology

卷期:2017年第62卷第5期

关键词:
晶体 人工 焦点

摘要

摘要:多焦点人工晶状体越来越多地用于假晶状体老花眼的治疗。多焦点人工晶状体植入术后,大多数患者不需要眼镜或隐形眼镜,并对结果感到满意。然而并发症可能会影响患者的生活质量和满意程度。多焦点晶体的常见问题是与残余屈光不正,后囊混浊,瞳孔变大,波前异常,干眼症和晶状体偏心相关的视力模糊和光学现象。这些的主要原因是神经功能障碍,晶状体脱位,残余屈光不正和晶状体不透明。为了避免患者对多焦点人工晶状体植入术后的不满,在术前考虑患者的生活方式非常重要;进行详尽的检查,包括生物学测定,地形学和瞳孔反应性;并解释视觉期望和可能的术后并发症。

Multifocal intraocular lenses are increasingly used in the management of pseudophakic presbyopia. After multifocal intraocular lens implantation, most patients do not need spectacles or contact lenses and are pleased with the result. Complications, however, may affect the patient's quality of life and level of satisfaction. Common problems with multifocal lenses are blurred vision and photic phenomena associated with residual ametropia, posterior capsule opacification, large pupil size, wavefront anomalies, dry eye, and lens decentration. The main reasons for these are failure to neuroadapt, lens dislocation, residual refractive error, and lens opacification. To avoid patient dissatisfaction after multifocal intraocular lens implantation, it is important to consider preoperatively the patient's lifestyle; perform an exhaustive examination including biometry, topography, and pupil reactivity; and explain the visual expectations and possible postoperative complications.

PMID28366683

 


点击下载

CopyRight 2016  兴齐100版权所有 京ICP证060955号
技术支持:示剑网络   http://100.sinqi.com/