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了解干眼症患者的症状和生活质量

Barabino S, Labetoulle M, Rolando M, et al.

期刊名称:The Ocular Surface

卷期:2016年第14卷第13期

摘要

干眼症(DED)是患者(特别是50岁以上病人)寻求眼科护理的最普遍原因之一。DED发表原因很多,包括眨眼频率低(例如使用电脑)、全身和局部用药、自身免疫性疾病、佩戴隐形眼镜和白内障和屈光手术等,DED可以诱发眼表面系统改变,决定疾病的长期性。干眼症患者经历许多症状,这些症状降低了他们的工作效率和整体生活质量。本文介绍了聚焦病人症状的讨论结果。其目的为了更好理解病人报告的症状,对视觉功能的可能影响,对生活质量的影响,和在临床实践及临床研究中用于测量和监测症状的方法学。在眼表面系统这个背景下考虑临床症状和病例报告症侯之间的差异。

Dry eye disease (DED) is one of the most common reasons for patients (particularly those over the age of 50) to seek ophthalmic care. There is a wide array of causes for DED that can induce an alteration of the ocular surface system and determine the chronicity of the disease, including low blink rates (eg, computer use), systemic and topical drugs, autoimmune diseases, contact lens wear, and cataract and refractive surgery. Patients with dry eye experience numerous symptoms that can reduce their productivity and overall quality of life. This article presents the results of a roundtable focused on patients' symptoms. The goal was to better understand the symptoms reported by patients, the possible effects on visual function, the consequences on the quality of life, and the methodologies that can be used to measure and monitor symptoms in clinical practice and in clinical studies. The discrepancies between clinical signs and symptoms reported in some cases are considered in the context of the ocular surface system.


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