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大数据与眼科研究

Clark A, Ng JQ, Morlet N, et al.

期刊名称:Survey of Ophthalmology

卷期:2016年第61卷第4期

关键词:
眼科 数据

摘要

对健康研究来说,大型的以人群为基础的健康管理数据库、临床登记以及数据联动系统是一个急速扩展的资源库。得益于这些数据库的应用,眼科研究在疾病监控、疾病病因学、健康服务利用和健康结果等领域的认知都得到了扩展。另外,最近一段时期,特别是随着电子健康计划在全球卫生系统的上线,可用于研究的数据的数量也呈指数增长。我们回顾了用于眼科研究的一些大数据概念,数据库和数据联动系统,包括它们的优势和局限之处,以前进行的研究的类型,以及用于眼科研究的大数据的未来发展方向。

Large population-based health administrative databases, clinical registries, and data linkage systems are a rapidly expanding resource for health research. Ophthalmic research has benefited from the use of these databases in expanding the breadth of knowledge in areas such as disease surveillance, disease etiology, health services utilization, and health outcomes. Furthermore, the quantity of data available for research has increased exponentially in recent times, particularly as e-health initiatives come online in health systems across the globe. We review some big data concepts, the databases and data linkage systems used in eye research-including their advantages and limitations, the types of studies previously undertaken, and the future direction for big data in eye research.


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